As September approaches, the map of the Pak-India war of 1965 comes to mind, which began in the form of a battle of disbelief and falsehood on September 6, 1965, when India suddenly fell victim to this misunderstanding on the borders of Pakistan Shab Khun Mara said that due to its numerical superiority, it would be difficult for Pakistan to defend its war. But this was a big mistake of India.
The role of Pakistan’s navy in the 1965 war
The Pakistani forces, fulfilling the confidence of the Pakistani nation, fully defended their country’s borders and thwarted the plans of the Indian pig mothers. Pakistan’s evil army defeated the enemy in the plains of Lahore, Kasur, Sialkot, Kashmir and Rajasthan. Fought hard The Pakistan Air Force, on the other hand, not only provided full air support to its forces, but also bombed enemy bases and shot down several enemy fighter jets during aerial combat.
From 1947 to 1965, the Pakistan Navy had organized itself as a naval force by working day and night. Apart from acquiring modern equipment, the Pakistan Navy had also paid full attention to the training of its troops. The demonstration was carried out by the Pakistan Navy in full force in the 1965 war.
June 1, 1964 was a memorable day in the history of the Pakistan Navy. On this day, the first submarine of the Pakistan Navy became part of the navy.
The top leadership of Pakistan Navy named this submarine “Ghazi”. The addition of this submarine to the Navy enhanced the defense capabilities of Pakistan Navy and further strengthened Pakistan’s naval defense. Ghazi from the message of death for the Indian Navy. No shore in the whole of India was safe from this long-distance submarine.
All these responsibilities were very important and it was very important for the national defense to fulfill them. In particular, it was imperative to protect maritime borders and keep international trade routes open at all times so that merchant ships could continue their trade activities without interruption. The Pakistan Navy was well aware of the situation and was determined to protect Pakistan’s maritime borders at all costs.
Therefore, the top leadership of the Pakistan Navy has formulated an appropriate strategy in this regard. It was decided that instead of staying in the Arabian Sea and waiting for Indian warships, why not go into the Indian Ocean and challenge the Indian Navy within Indian waters by adopting a proactive approach.
After adopting this strategy, the top leadership of the Pakistan Navy assigned the task of submarine “Ghazi” to conduct maritime surveillance from the coast of Karachi to the coast of Chittagong in East Pakistan. The presence of the Indian Navy was seen as a target.
Similarly, Pakistan Navy’s warships were also on patrol in their respective areas of responsibility.
This naval strategy caused a stir in the Indian naval headquarters. Indian soldiers were terrified of the Pakistan Navy, especially the Ghazi submarine. He was most concerned about his aircraft carrier, the Vikrant, which was such a large target on the high seas that Ghazi would destroy it in a matter of seconds so that it would sink, along with its aircraft.
So the Indian Navy hid the Vikrant in the Andaman Islands, seven hundred kilometers away. Due to Ghazi’s presence in the Indian Ocean, no Indian ship went out to sea. Don’t fall prey to Ghazi just for fear of getting out into the sea. Keeping the entire Indian Navy confined to the shores was a major challenge which the Pakistan Navy met in the best possible way.
The second major success of the Indian Navy is “Operation Somnath” also known as Operation Dwarka. This was a huge responsibility assigned to the Pakistan Navy. When India invaded Pakistan, the Indian Army as well as the Indian Air Force was in full swing. As the most important city as well as a port, Karachi faced Indian air strikes.
The frequency with which these attacks were carried out made it clear that a ground radar station was providing full guidance to the Indian Air Force. After a concerted effort by Pakistan Navy intelligence, it was reported that India had set up a radar station on the coast of Dwarka to guide Indian aircraft. Upon receiving this information, the top leadership of the Pakistan Navy agreed that it was imperative to destroy this radar station otherwise the Indian Air Force attacks would not stop.
Dwarka was located about 200 nautical miles from Karachi. This task could not be assigned to the Air Force because the radar station was aware of the air strike in time, so this task was assigned to the Pakistan Navy. It was a very dangerous operation as the Pakistan Navy had to go deep into the Indian Ocean to complete the mission. As soon as the order was received, the Pakistan Navy’s warships Shah Jahan, Badar, Babar, Khyber, Jahangir, Alamgir and Tipu Sultan left for their mission on September 7, 1965.
The fleet was led by Commander Pakistan Fleet Commodore SM Anwar. His mission was to destroy Dwarka’s radar station in the dark of night, which is certainly a very difficult task.
The enemy of Pakistan Navy was going to inflict heavy blows on the enemy within the borders of the country for the sake of their lives. The passion of martyrdom found in the heart of every sailor of Pakistan Navy endangered them. Despite this, he was strengthening his intentions.
All the ships covered this long distance within Indian waters and reached Dwarka late at night. All the ships came so close to the coast of Dwarka that the whole city was under their cannons. At midnight, the stage that everyone had been waiting for and for which such a great risk had been taken was reached. At exactly twelve o’clock at night, at twenty-six minutes, a fire was ordered.
The role of Pakistan’s navy in the 1965 war
The cannons of seven ships began to fire. In a matter of seconds, the Dwarka radar station and the adjoining Indian Navy airfield were completely destroyed. All the Pakistan Navy ships completed their mission with great satisfaction and made their way back. Interestingly, in all these incidents, neither the Indian Navy ships came forward for the encounter nor the Indian Air Force attacked the Pakistani planes.
This shows how confused and frightened the enemy was. Pakistani ships came and went within 150 km of India and destroyed it, but the Indian forces remained in ambush.
The success stories of the Pakistan Navy are long, but in the context of the 1965 war, the protection of maritime boundaries and the confinement of the Indian Navy to its own shores were two major tasks on which the entire national defense depended.
A symbol of fear for the enemy, the Pakistan Navy today is an independent and well-equipped naval force that is fulfilling its responsibilities in other parts of the world besides the Arabian Sea and tackling any challenge for national defense. Always ready for